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[学习类] 【曼拓教育】PTE听力:如何找准思路应对Highlight correct summary

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曼拓教育 发表于 2018-3-29 10:34:33
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由于PTE听力和雅思听力在诸多方面侧重点的不同,导致许多初次尝试PTE的同学在听力上出师不利,PTE的听力题量大且不具备充足的看题时间,因此在听听力的过程中我们需要快速定位信息关键点并抓出听力材料中不易察觉的关键信息和陷阱设置。

今天我们以Highlight correct summary这种题型为主来为大家进行分析:

首先,对于这类题型先要提示大家不要与单选题进行混淆。
其次,注意每个选项的开头与结尾部分,切忌不要精读选项。
选项中通常会藏有明显暗示,例如topic sentence和key words,还有是否generalized ideas以及前后文的逻辑关系是否能和听力材料一一对应:

e.g from PTE offline practice test:
1.  Unless major oil consumers invest in exploration now (which would be the first time majorfunds have been invested since 1964) global oil production will level out and be unable to meetincreased demands from India and China.

2.  With the continuation of improvements in technology, geology, and with governmentsupport, there is little doubt that further major reserves of oil will be found in the near future. Thisshould result in sustainable oil supplies for a further 150 years.

3.  While we are not about to run out of oil, we are certainly past the peak of oil production,which occurred about 40 years ago. This is despite improvements in technology, geology, and withtax-subsidized investment in exploration.

4.  Oil consumption reached its first peak in 1964. Since that time the world has become increasingly dependent on oil. It is unlikely that there will be any new major oil discoveries in theimmediate future or at any subsequent time.


听力材料解析:
We’re not running out of oil. The first thing that one can say with absolute confidence is that we’re notabout to run out of oil, we are definitely not.
(在听力材料中,对于not running oil的概念speaker重复提到过两次,并且顺序结构与第三句相符。)
But what we are approaching is the end of the first half,and this is one way to describe it, and this chapter in history lasted about a hundred and fifty yearssince the first oil was produced.
(高度注意转折词在听力中的重要作用,一般预示着重要的信息即将出现。)

And we’re coming to the end of that, and you have to find oil beforeyou can produce it, and when we look back into history, we can find that the peak of discovery was in 1964,
(对于听力材料中的时间点要take notes,这是细节信息的具体定位)

and that the discovery of oil has been falling ever since, relentlessly, um, and it’s been fallingdespite the world wide search, always aimed at the biggest and best prospects, no one’s looking forthe smallest and the worst, the biggest and the best. It’s been falling despite amazing technologicaland geological advances, we understand this business so much more than we did. And finally, it’s beenfalling despite a very happy economic environment, whereby most of the cost of exploration is writtenoff against tax.
(whereby又是转折词来引导重要的补充信息出现,sub points作为新出现的概念,有可能成为summary中的补充信息,需要记笔记)

So I would say in view of all of those incentives, and all of those benefits, if discoveryhas actually been falling relentlessly, er, there is no good reason to think that this trend is going tochange direction. So, in other words, we’ve passed the peak.
(后半段中的technological and geological advances进行了着重解释。注意Examples & details和主句的区分,关键信息点转折谨防掉进错误选项陷阱。)

通过transcription我们不难看出,highlight correct summary中对于repeated wordstransitional words的重视程度,speaker通过反复重复其中的某些信息来强调该信息在文章中的重要性,所以当我们听到录音中任何的信息重复出现时,都应抱有警惕性去做笔记。

还有就是对细节部分的处理,尤其是时间地点这样非常specific的details,可以帮忙二次印证summary的准确性。

另外对于转折连接词部分,牢记重要信息通常都在转折连接词之后出现的规律,将更多注意力转向speakers着重在转折连接词之后提到的内容。

在generalized ideas上面,注意summary中正确的逻辑关系十分重要,听力材料中通常会有明显的对比或比较,递进,转折,分论点等等逻辑关系,注意听力材料中的introduction和conclusion是否首尾呼应或者前后转折等方面,还要把握课堂上教给大家针对Highlight correct summary的essential tips,这道题的正确率就会有很高的保障啦。
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