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[学习类] 今日干货|雅思听力高频同义替换词总结|听力里的同义替换你知多少?

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曼拓教育 发表于 2017-1-5 11:06:47
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本帖最后由 曼拓教育 于 2017-1-5 11:21 编辑

今日干货——雅思听力高频同义替换词总结
听力里的同义替换你知多少?
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众所周知,雅思考试听说读写四项考试围绕的一个主旨就是同义替换,尤其听力更为明显。

雅思听力非常明显的一个特征就是不要求考生能够完全听懂,但答案部分同义替换的细节必须能够做到透彻的了解才能正确作答。

题目中有80%的答案都被同义替换了,有的看似风与原文马牛不相及的选项,实际上是对原文中的词或句子的改写。

雅思听力的另外一个鲜为人知的特点就是同义替换词反复利用,反复出现。那么我们该如何应对呢?
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曼拓名师团给大家的建议是:只要同学们对雅思考试高频同义转换词了若指掌,那么你就能够在考场上处变不惊、顺利答题了。


同义词、近义词
最常见的同义替换,通常出现在Section 2, 3 中,填空题选择题皆有可能出现。
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请看以例子:
1) 剑四 Test 2 Section 2 Question 13:
International students may find stress difficult to handle because:
A. they lack support from family andfriends
B. they don’t have time to make new friends
C. they find it difficult to socialize
听力原文:stress→ anxiety, handle →cope with
A: lack →without

2) 剑五 Test 2 Section 4 Question 31:
More than _____times as big as the UK.
听力原文:more than → over, as big as the UK →the size of the UK

3) E.g. however, women are more prepared to______ about them.
听力原文:more prepared to → more willing to

由此可见,雅思听力题目的同义词置换频度还是比较高的,虽然没有直接考查考生的词汇量,但能够间接地考察考生对关键词灵活处理的能力。

以下还有一些高频同义词和近义词,曼拓名师团希望各位烤鸭能够在此基础上总结出真题里的同义置换词, 切实抓住词的内在含义而非词的形式和表达方式,以不变应万变。

grow→ increase, expand, rise, improve, soar, climb, extend, rocket
contribute to→cause, trigger, lead to, result in, account for, give rise to, etc.
significant→ crucial, enormous, dramatic, tremendous, remarkable, substantial, etc.
like→ resemble, alike, identical, twin, similar
depend on → rely upon (on), count on, lean on, reckon on, rest on, etc.
large→ big, considerable, enormous, gigantic, substantial, vast, massive, numerous, tremendous
before→ prior to, earlier than, ahead of, previously, formerly, used to, etc.

词性转换
一般情况下词性转换就是形容词,动词,名词,副词之间的相互转换。
单词.jpg
请看以下例子:
剑四 Test 3
23. In the seminar the work on writing aimsto improve:
A. confidence
B. speed
C. clarity
听力原文:Techniques to write clearly. Clearly →clarity 的 paraphrase. (副词与名词间替换)

类似的例子有很多,真题里随处可见。
以下是经常发生同义置换的词:
Clear—clarity
Wide—width
Europe—European
Satisfy—satisfactory/ satisfaction
Photocopier—photocopying
Facilities available—availability
Assess—assessment
Unemployment—unemployed
Anxious—anxiety

逻辑和句式转化
logical.jpg
此类同义转化经常出现在 Section3, 4 中。试卷上的表达方式和听到的内容差异较大,也是广大考生跟不上节奏的重要原因。

试想,如果没有提前读试题(这个现象非常普遍),在录音开始时才开始浏览,此时考生还要听录音,卷面上的用词面目全非,那么对于基础一般、反应较慢的考生来说正确率可想而知。

所以熟悉逻辑转化和句式变化在此就显得尤为重要了。

请看以下几个例子:
举例.png
1)题干: For example, potential______ of bullying can be trained to be moreself-confident.
听力原文: Assertiveness training for pupils who are liable to be victims is worthwhile...

2)题干: When investing instocks and shares, it is suggested that women should put a high proportions oftheir savings in ______.
听力原文:a high proportions of 在此被替换成了 70%.

3)题干: At that time,local craftsmen first built an iron forge just behind the village here.
听力原文: The metal industry was established at Riverside Village by ______.

注意:此句中出现了主被动句的互换。也就是说,卷面上出现了被动语态,考生一定要留心主动语态的出现,也就意味着宾语与主语可能位置倒置。一定要留心一开头出现的主语。反之若题干是主动语态,则应积极联想被动形式。

4) 剑五 Test 4
25. What does Karin think the company will do?
A. look for private investors
B. accept a takeover offer
C. issue some new shares

√选项 A→they will start trying to find individuals who’d be prepared to back them with some of the capital they need.
  选项 B→they have the choice of accepting the very favorable terms that another company... have given them to buy them out.
  选项 C→Or they could decide on a bolder move and offer some new shares if they wanted.

5) 剑五 Test 4
26. How does the tutor suggest the company can recover?
A. by appointing a new managing director
B. by changing the way it is organized
C. by closing some of its retail outlets

  选项 A→Sometimes there is a simple fix such as changing the guy at the top.
√选项 B→...would be to alter how they’re running things- the management layers and processes.
  选项 C→I suspect they will seek to shut down some of their shops.


总而言之,最重要的是多练习,做到熟能生巧。

看完这些讲解和举例,你是否对雅思听力有了更进一步的认识呢?
如果你还有什么疑问,不妨按照以下方式联系我,跟我聊一聊呗~~~
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想要学习更多雅思考试技巧吗?——快快联系你对应地区的曼拓教育吧!


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2、曼拓教育官方微信平台:mentoreducation
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或扫码添加
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